The Palestinian Digital Rights Coalition (PDRC) welcomed the filing of a lawsuit against the Israeli surveillance tech NSO Group for infiltrating the phone of Palestinian-French lawyer and human rights defender Salah Hammouri and called on the immediate moratorium on the sale, transfer and use of the NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware, among other demands.
“We support the effort of The International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH), The Human Rights League (LDH) and Salah Hammouri in filing a complaint in France targeting NSO Group, for illegally infiltrating the phone of Salah Hammouri, a violation that was initiated in Palestine and continued on French soil, which constitutes a violation of the right to privacy under French law and international human rights conventions,” said PDRC in a statement.
Frontline Defenders revealed in November 2021 after an investigation in coordination with Citizen Lab and Amnesty International that the phones of Hammouri and other Palestinian human rights defenders were hacked by the technology of the NSO Group, an Israeli technology firm known for its Pegasus spyware.
The investigation confirmed that Hammouri’s phone has been infiltrated since April 2021. NSO Group has been using this spyware illegally to hack and infiltrate not only Hammouri’s phone but rather his entire professional and private life, depriving him of his right to privacy among others, it said.
The attacks on Salah Hammouri are part of a broader campaign of Israel to smear, shrink and minimize the space for civil society and human rights work, including through delegitimizing Palestinian human rights groups and human rights defenders and pressuring global partners providing platforms for the advancement and protection of human rights in Palestine to defund civil society organizations.
“Through the use of several systematic illegal policies, practices and techniques, Israel has entrenched its invasion of Palestinians’ right to privacy, and control over everyday life, infringing on the rights to privacy, liberty and personal security and dignity, enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights including Article 12, and core international human rights conventions,” said PDRC.
“The use of Israeli NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware – which has been blacklisted in countries including the US for being used as a ‘tool to maliciously target government officials, journalists, business people, activists, academics, and embassy workers’- is only one example of multiple technologies Israel is producing and using to target and surveille Palestinians’ professional and private spaces,” PDRC added.
“The use of surveillance techniques must stop, perpetrators must be held accountable, and victims including Salah Hammouri must receive justice. Governments around the world have a duty to protect its citizens by adopting regulations compliant with human rights regulations and principles to ensure the safety and protection of its citizen, they shall further ensure transparency in how surveillance technologies are developed and deployed, and sanction companies that depend on the exploitation of the oppressed communities and in this case, the Palestinian people who have endured and are still struggling against settler colonialism and Israeli apartheid. Palestinians, and other oppressed individuals and communities should not be the testing ground for oppressive regimes and technologies.”
The Palestinian Digital Rights Coalition called on governments and third states globally, to enforce an immediate moratorium on sale, transfer and use of all forms of surveillance technology, and spyware that illegally access and manipulate data against activists and human rights defenders, until they comply with international instruments and principles including the UN guiding principles on Business and Human Rights, as UN experts and civil society organizations have called for.
It also called on the European Union governments, to prohibit and sanction the use of NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware, on the basis of violations to inter alia freedom of opinion and expression, right to privacy and liberty, all of which are imposed against activists and human rights defenders such as Salah Hammouri.